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King of Nepal Places Elected Officials Under Arrest

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation could have a profound long-term effect on world peace: Nepal, India and Pakistan are among its members and the upcoming summit will be affected by recent unrest.
"The king is taking the country back to the Dark Ages,"
Not the US - this story is about Nepal
said Parajuli, an intense man who is - he thinks - the highest ranking member of his party still able to work. "We don't even know how many of our people have been arrested." He estimated at least 50 party leaders had been rounded up.

Coverage by Tim Sullivan of AP arrived in Seattle's Post Intelligencer today. The conflict between monarch and parliament spans almost 17 years. The major turning points have been:

April 1989: KIng Birendra, brother of today's king, relents in the face of bloody defiance, allowing political parties and the elction of parliament

2002: King Gyanendrais dismisses increasingly maoist elected government amid protests

April 2003: Protesters threaten to storm the palace unless political paties and parliament are restored.

Today, King Gyanendrais announced that he had appointed a new cabinet, declared martial law and sealed the borders of Nepal. Even so, he guaranteed that Nepal would attend the upcoming meeting of the SAARC (The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation), which had already been delayed due to the tsunami. What is the SAARC? Please take the previous link. Minutes ago, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced that he will not attend the upcoming summit with no elaboration.

No one will be crossing Nepal's borders until the situation stabilizes, if the king has his way, but the story continues to unfold.

David Roknich



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Nepal: Bush Supports Human Rights Violations

by Steve Argue


A more readable version than at link I posted earkier can be found at:

Nepal: Bush Supports Human Rights Violations

by Steve Argue

Re: A More Readable Version

Skipping spaces and a soft background always helps.

Nepal: As Human Rights Violations Mount, Bush Asks Congress For $30 Million in Military Aid

I checked and the link to the Indian site was no longer working, so I repost the article here:


Nepal: As Human Rights Violations Mount, Bush Asks Congress For $30 Million in Military Aid

May 11, 2002

Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world with an average yearly income $220 dollars a year and an estimated 40% of the people living below the poverty level. It is also the home of a popular socialist (Maoist) uprising that controls one quarter of the countryside. In those areas controlled by revolutionaries tremendous advances have been made in education, clean drinking water, women's rights, and land reform.

In November King Gyanendra ordered a state of emergency and suspended the Nepalese constitution. This was an official suspension of many rights that already were often violated. With the King's declaration he suspended the right to peaceful assembly, freedom of movement, freedom of press, the right to privacy, and freedom from preventative detention.

Thirty Nepalese journalists are currently being held without charge and another seventy were previously arrested under the measures of the state of emergency. Obviously King Gyanendra fears the press's scrutiny of his actions.

Nearly 2,000 people have been killed since the state of emergency was declared. Maja Daruwala, director of the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative says, "Extrajudicial killings have become too commonplace, and they are backed by assurances of impunity, an assured lack of scrutiny when the press is muzzled?"
Amnesty International has called for an independent investigation of government killings stating: "Since the start of the "people's war", there has been increasing concern that the authorities have failed to impose strict limitations on the use of force and firearms by the security forces or to take appropriate actions against abuses. This concern has heightened after the army was called out and the state of emergency imposed in late November 2001.

Since then, the number of alleged unlawful killings have increased dramatically. The reported incidents have included killings of civilians in reprisal for the killing of police and army personnel by members of the CPN (Maoist); killings of armed members of the CPN (Maoist) in circumstances where they could have been taken into custody or where they already had been taken prisoner, and the avoidable use of lethal force."

In addition Amnesty International States: "Political detainees are being tortured and unarmed civilians extrajudicially executed within the context of the government security forces' response to a Maoist "people's war", waged by armed members of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), (CPN (Maoist))."

Ignoring human rights and supporting King Gyanandra in his war measures against both rebels and civilians Bush has asked congress for $30 million in military aid to Nepal. US military officials have also suggested that Nepal needs to increase the strength of its army to 200,000 from its current level of 40,000.

These moves towards supporting the repressive government of Nepal coincide with U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell's visit to Nepal where he made it clear that the U.S. supports the Nepalese government and its fight against the Maoist rebels. Powell and the corporate media made a point of calling the Maoists in Nepal "terrorists" putting U.S. aid to the King of Nepal within the context of Bush's so called war on terrorism. Meanwhile Powell covered up the fact that since the government of Nepal declared a "state of emergency" the Royal Nepalese Army has been carrying out a murderous "search and destroy" campaign in the countryside, killing, torturing and arresting hundreds of guerrillas and civilians accused of being Maoist sympathizers.

Popular support for the Maoist insurgency is strong both among the working class and among the peasantry. One indication of this popular support is the ability of rebels to call successful general strikes where the working class has shut down major cities simply by not going to work. In these strikes workers stay home and hold no demonstrations out of fear of government repression.

In the countryside, where a quarter of the country is controlled by revolutionaries, peasants form armed militias to defend themselves from the army and the police. Other peasants join the revolutionary army where they take the offensive attacking the police and army. These actions have included many successful attacks on police stations. With these operations the revolutionary movement has destroyed the ability of government forces to carry out their repressive actions in many parts of the country.

The BBC has documented some of the popular support for the revolution as well. A couple recent interviews in areas controlled by the Maoists included Sinal, a schoolteacher, who says, "In this place, when I came here, there was no drinking water. The Maoists have provided drinking water. If they see a problem they will do something for the people."

Another BBC quote was from Monomai who said, "The Maoists are the only ones helping women, "They give us more rights, and education - the government does nothing for us. If the enemy ever comes here, we women will fight them just as our men do."

In areas controlled by the King almost 80% of women cannot read or write. This is one of the highest female illiteracy rates in the world. In liberated zones this problem is being changed through the Maoist's commitment to education.

Under feudal tradition and patriarchy women are subjected to a life of servitude to fathers, husbands and sons. In rebel controlled zones household tasks are being shared between men and women. Women are also taking on leadership roles in the popular revolutionary government.

Under the feudal tradition women do not have the right to inherit land, but in revolutionary controlled zones women do have the right to land and they have gained access to it through the land reform policies of the revolution.

The revolution is also smashing feudal traditions of arranged marriages by parents where children have no say in whom they will marry. Under this tradition very young girls are sometimes forced into marriage even before they are teenagers. In addition widows are not allowed to remarry and are expected to spend their entire life in mourning.

Divorce is also now allowed in rebel-controlled zones. Under the King divorce is not allowed.

The revolution is also combating the selling of women and girls into prostitution. Under the King tens of thousands of women are sold for the price of a water buffalo and sent to India where are dieing in large numbers from AIDS and abuse.

While the poor support the insurrection wealthy landowners, moneylenders, and corrupt politicians do not. In rebel-controlled zones land is redistributed to the poor under the slogan of "land to the tiller", "debts" to wealthy moneylenders cancelled, and taxes are collected from the wealthy for projects to benefit the people.

While the likes of Powell call the Maoist insurrection of Nepal terrorism, socialists call it a legitimate struggle for the liberation of the people of Nepal. Those on the left who want to draw equal signs between the revolutionary actions of the Maoist insurgency and the repression carried out by the King's forces are making a terrible mistake. While Liberation News fights for a more democratic form of socialism than that produced by Mao Tse Tung thought, we also understand that the socialist model, even in a deformed state, is superior to the sexism, hunger, illiteracy and disease of capitalism and feudalism. With this understanding we uncompromisingly state that it would be a mistake to stay neutral or silent in the face of escalating U.S. intervention in Nepal.

NO TO U.S. MILITARY AID TO THE KING OF NEPAL! End U.S. imperialism through socialist revolution in the United States!

Re: King of Nepal Places Elected Officials Under Arrest

thanks. your article marks the 2002 item on my timeline. caveat emptor: the chinese (of the stripe that brutalized Tiananmen square) have a stake in this. the government that was removed in 2002 is not without its problems.

NOT a black and white situation - and yes, it does have to do with oil AND with the current flurry of diplomatic activity in Iran.

Frankly, I haven't figured it out yet and I would be surprised if the royal family of Nepal figured out exactly where they stand in the current round of "geo-political manuevering. I would recommend they build some windmills and close the border to china.

To Whom It May Royally Concern:
China is not your friend: ask Tibet if you have any doubts. See:

That was a mistake now wasn't it?
I'm going to save a mirror of that article as a reminder.
And here's a little clip about Jiang Zemin from CNN: ( you have to read the entire excerpt in order to make any sense at all of it)

" It is understood that National People's Congress (NPC) Chairman Li Peng spoke at length on why leaders including late patriarch Deng Xiaoping had to take "resolute action" against the students and other demonstrators.

"The tide of liberalization had risen to dangerous levels by 1989," Li said, referring to the students' demands for Western-style reforms.

"If this trend had continued for three more years, something similar to the fall of the Berlin Wall would have happened to China and the Communist party would have crumbled."

Analysts said Li, 72, was trying to take credit for his role in the crackdown -- and that he wanted to preserve political influence after his expected retirement from the NPC in 2003.

The Beijing party source said President Jiang Zemin went along with Li's arguments. This was despite the fact that in an interview with an American TV station late last year, Jiang seemed to depart from the official line when he said he could understand the feelings of the students at the Square. "

Best of luck.

Re: King of Nepal Places Elected Officials Under Arrest

It would seem that not all are happy to see the Maoist rebels in the 'liberated zones':

Obviously theres blame to be shared for the current plight of the average Nepalese by both the gov't and the rebels. That's a shame because it's been my experience that the Nepalese people by and large are a very friendly, moral and hardworking people.

Re: King of Nepal Places Elected Officials Under Arrest

The Chinese government does not support the revolutionary movement in Nepal. Nor is the Maoist movement in Nepal tied to the Tiananmen massacre that was carried out by the rightwing pro-capitalist wing of the Communist Party led by Deng Xiaoping.

While the leadership of the popular revolutionary uprising in Nepal may have some problems, life under the repressive king and imperialist intervention on his behalf must be rejected.

Re: King of Nepal Places Elected Officials Under Arrest

the outcome of this election might be in jepordy.

Re: King of Nepal Places Elected Officials Under Arrest

The link posted by "i" is pure pro-monarchy propaganda that does not even mention the political murders and other human rights violations of the king of Nepal.

The article is even to the right of bourgeois elected officials with a quote it prints, without rebuttal, criticizing these officials for helping the insurgency for not falling behind the king.

As such all information contained in the article is highly suspect.

Re: King of Nepal Places Elected Officials Under Arrest

Zhao Ziyang died recently after 15 years of house arrest solely because he was the dissenting voice in the Tiananmem square crackdown in 1989.

Although not directly involved with the crackdown, Jiang was elevated to central party positions after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 for his role in averting similar protests in Shanghai.

To oversimplify for a moment: you're looking at an Imperialist China driven by a need for the easiest access to new energy sources. Coincidently, the Maoist gangs have been disruptive in recent energy deals between members of SAARC....

..the elected government of Nepal is not Maoist: but the Maoists' influence is increasing and in this case their motivation is indeed from the mainland: for purposes of energy competition

The complexity of this situation oughth not be underestimated, but yes, the monarchy is up to no good and are more likely than the elected government to play ball with China at the expense of the general welfare of the people of Nepal.

Bring in a small, truly international mediation force, reinstall the elected gov't: but keep an eye on them...?
I guess my only substantive disagreement with ARGUE is that, yes the Maoists in Nepal are aligned with the old men who backed the crackdown in '89: and Tiananmen was the only manifestation readily visible to the western world of wider oppression. So it seems from the data I have so far.



Re: King of Nepal Places Elected Officials Under Arrest

Actually the Maoist movement in Nepal is not at all tied to the Tiananmen massacre. That massacre was carried out by the rightwing pro-capitalist Communist Party led by Deng Xiaoping. The turmoil at that time was in part caused by the hardship created by Deng Xiaoping's capitalist reforms.

Re: King of Nepal Places Elected Officials Under Arrest

Dave also asks, "Bring in a small, truly international mediation force, reinstall the elected gov't: but keep an eye on them...?"

Any force sent into Nepal will intervene on behalf of imperialism against the people. Since imperialism has been on the side of the King up until now I see such an intervention unlikely. If it does occur it will be harmful and should be opposed.

Nepal To The Nepalese People!

End U.S. Military Aid To The King Of Nepal!

U.S., U.N., and Indian Troops Stay Out!

Re: King of Nepal Places Elected Officials Under Arrest

I have highlighted the sections that link the Tiananmen crackdown to today's regime in China in the excerpt from Wikipedia below. Take note also, as I have said earlier, the sungle opponent of the crackdown within the upper echelon of control, Zhao Ziyang, recently died after 15 years of house arrest. Combine this with China's desperation for new energy source and finally the documented raiding of oil imports by the Maoist gangs in Nepal (documented)... then you have my argument. The elected gov't has sought to set up and energy plan (for Nepal) that would assure a stable energy supply in spite of the Maoist raids. The monarchy has been charmed by China, and seems to has a personal stake in "selling out Nepal" the sake of China.

The Tiananmen Square Crackdown

While reforming and opening up the economy, Deng attempted to strengthen the power of the Communist Party by regularization of procedure, but is widely regarded has having undermined his own intentions by acting contrary to party procedure.

Deng's subsequent actions caused the presidency to have much larger powers than were originally intended. In 1989, President Yang Shangkun was able in cooperation with the then-head of the Central Military Commission, Deng Xiaoping, to use the office of the President to declare martial law in Beijing and order the military crackdown of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. This was in direct opposition to the wishes of the Party General Secretary Zhao Ziyang and probably a majority of the Politburo Standing Committee. The decision went ahead regardless, leading to army intervention.

Zhao's opposition and "attempts to divide the party" made him disgraced politically. Deng subsequently selected Jiang Zemin over Tianjin's Li Ruihuan as a compromise candidate and other party elders to replace Zhao, who was considered too conciliatory to student protesters. Although not directly involved with the crackdown, Jiang was elevated to central party positions after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 for his role in averting similar protests in Shanghai.

Internationally, China was damaged siginificantly from the crackdown of the Tiananmen Protests, and Deng was held with the greatest responsibility. Trade embargos were enforced by nations of the European Union, the United States and other countries. China was once again isolated after years of recovery in the area of foreign affairs.

Officially, Deng decided to retire from top positions when he stepped down as Chairman of the Central Military Commission in 1989, and retired from the political scene in 1992. China, however, was still in the era of Deng Xiaoping. He continued to maintain his position as paramount leader of the country, believed to have backroom control. According to some sources, Deng hand-picked Hu Jintao as the leader of the fourth generation of PRC Leadership. He was recognized officially as "The architect of China's economic reforms and China's socialist modernization".



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